# Physical Review E

*Updated:*19 hours 8 min ago

### Onset of double-diffusive convection in near-critical gas mixtures

Author(s): Zhan-Chao Hu, Stephen H. Davis, and Xin-Rong Zhang

Near the thermodynamic critical point, the physical properties of binary fluids exhibit large variations in response to small temperature and concentration differences, whose effects on the onset of double-diffusive convection are reported here. The vertical symmetry is broken, irregular penetrative...

[Phys. Rev. E 99, 033112] Published Mon Mar 18, 2019

### Mutual-friction-driven turbulent statistics in the hydrodynamic regime of superfluid $^{3}\mathrm{He}$-B

Author(s): Kishore Dutta

It is well known that the turbulence that evolves from the tangles of vortices in quantum fluids at scales larger than the typical quantized vortex spacing ℓ has a close resemblance with classical turbulence. The temperature-dependent mutual friction parameter α(T) drives the turbulent statistics in...

[Phys. Rev. E 99, 033111] Published Wed Mar 13, 2019

### Generation of a magnetic field by a double vortex in a rotating cylinder

Author(s): M. C. Navarro, D. Castaño, and H. Herrero

In this paper we use simulations of the magnetohydrodynamic equations coupled with heat to show the generation of magnetic field by the dynamical interaction of a pair of vortices in a fluid electrically conducting within a cylindrical domain nonhomogeneously heated from below, setting in a rotation...

[Phys. Rev. E 99, 033109] Published Mon Mar 11, 2019

### Suppression of Rayleigh-Taylor turbulence by time-periodic acceleration

Author(s): G. Boffetta, M. Magnani, and S. Musacchio

The dynamics of Rayleigh-Taylor turbulence convection in the presence of an alternating, time-periodic acceleration is studied by means of extensive direct numerical simulations of the Boussinesq equations. Within this framework, we discover a mechanism of relaminarization of turbulence: the alterna...

[Phys. Rev. E 99, 033110] Published Mon Mar 11, 2019

### Pore network model for permeability characterization of three-dimensionally-printed porous materials for passive microfluidics

Author(s): Agnese Piovesan, Clement Achille, Rob Ameloot, Bart Nicolai, and Pieter Verboven

Stand-alone and portable lab-on-chips (LOC) can be obtained by exploiting capillary flow in porous media. Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) platforms obtained through powder-based three-dimensional (3D) printing are appropriate for capillarity-driven LOCs. However, fluid flow in such platforms needs to ...

[Phys. Rev. E 99, 033107] Published Thu Mar 07, 2019

### Anomalous transport dependence on Péclet number, porous medium heterogeneity, and a temporally varying velocity field

Author(s): Alon Nissan and Brian Berkowitz

We investigate the effects of the Péclet number (Pe) on transport of an inert chemical tracer in heterogeneous porous media. We simulate fluid flow and transport through two-dimensional pore-scale matrices with varying structural complexity. With increasing Pe, the anomalous nature of the transport ...

[Phys. Rev. E 99, 033108] Published Thu Mar 07, 2019

### High jump of impinged droplets before Leidenfrost state

Author(s): Lu Qiu, Swapnil Dubey, Fook Hoong Choo, and Fei Duan

Unlike the traditionally reported Leidenfrost droplet which only floats on a thin film of vapor, we observe a prominent jump of the impinged droplets in the transition from the contact boiling to the Leidenfrost state. The vapor generation between the droplet and the substrate is vigorous enough to ...

[Phys. Rev. E 99, 033106] Published Tue Mar 05, 2019

### Dynamics of supernova bounce in laboratory

Author(s): S. I. Blinnikov, R. I. Ilkaev, M. A. Mochalov, A. L. Mikhailov, I. L. Iosilevskiy, A. V. Yudin, S. I. Glazyrin, A. A. Golubev, V. K. Gryaznov, and S. V. Fortova

We draw attention to recent high-explosive (HE) experiments which provide compression of macroscopic amount of matter to high, even record, values of pressure in comparison with other HE experiments. The observed bounce after the compression corresponds to processes in core-collapse supernova explos...

[Phys. Rev. E 99, 033102] Published Mon Mar 04, 2019

### Convective flow in the presence of a small obstacle: Symmetry breaking, attractors, hysteresis, and information

Author(s): S. J. Bartlett and Y. L. Yung

This work explores the stability and hysteresis effects that occur when a small sink of momentum is introduced into a heat-driven, two-dimensional convective flow. As per standard fluid mechanical intuition, the system minimizes work generation and dissipation when one component of momentum is extra...

[Phys. Rev. E 99, 033103] Published Mon Mar 04, 2019

### Onset of intermittency in stochastic Burgers hydrodynamics

Author(s): G. B. Apolinário, L. Moriconi, and R. M. Pereira

We study the onset of intermittency in stochastic Burgers hydrodynamics, as characterized by the statistical behavior of negative velocity gradient fluctuations. The analysis is based on the response functional formalism, where specific velocity configurations—the *viscous instantons*—are assumed to p...

[Phys. Rev. E 99, 033104] Published Mon Mar 04, 2019

### Wavelength selection of vortex ripples in an oscillating cylinder: The effect of curvature and background rotation

Author(s): M. Duran-Matute, M. D. van Gorp, and G. J. F. van Heijst

We present results of laboratory experiments on the formation, evolution, and wavelength selection of vortex ripples. These ripples formed on a sediment bed at the bottom of a water-filled oscillating cylindrical tank mounted on top of a rotating table. The table is made to oscillate sinusoidally in...

[Phys. Rev. E 99, 033105] Published Mon Mar 04, 2019

### Swimming sheet near a plane surfactant-laden interface

Author(s): Vaseem A. Shaik and Arezoo M. Ardekani

In this work we analyze the velocity of a swimming sheet near a plane surfactant-laden interface by assuming the Reynolds number and the sheet's deformation to be small. We observe a nonmonotonic dependence of the sheet's velocity on the Marangoni number (Ma) and the surface Péclet number (Pes). For...

[Phys. Rev. E 99, 033101] Published Fri Mar 01, 2019

### Shock-wave structure according to a linear irreversible thermodynamic model

Author(s): R. M. Velasco and F. J. Uribe

In this work we present a phenomenological model to look for a better understanding of the shock-wave structure in dilute monatomic gases. The model is based on the principles of linear irreversible thermodynamics, where we have been aware of the flow anisotropy caused by the shock-wave propagation....

[Phys. Rev. E 99, 023114] Published Wed Feb 27, 2019

### Effect of small inclination on binary convection in elongated rectangular cells

Author(s): Isabel Mercader, Oriol Batiste, Arantxa Alonso, and Edgar Knobloch

We analyze the effect of a small inclination on the well-studied problem of two-dimensional binary fluid convection in a horizontally extended closed rectangular box with a negative separation ratio, heated from below. The horizontal component of gravity generates a shear flow that replaces the moti...

[Phys. Rev. E 99, 023113] Published Tue Feb 26, 2019

### Exact, approximate, and hybrid treatments of viscous Rayleigh-Taylor and Richtmyer-Meshkov instabilities

Author(s): Karnig O. Mikaelian

We consider Rayleigh-Taylor and Richtmyer-Meshkov instabilities at the interface between two fluids, one or both of which may be viscous. We derive exact analytic expressions for the amplitude η(t) in the linear regime when only one of the fluids is viscous. The more general case is solved numerical...

[Phys. Rev. E 99, 023112] Published Mon Feb 25, 2019

### Experimental lateral wall boundary layer behavior of a differentially rotating split-cylinder flow

Author(s): J. O. Rodríguez-García and J. Burguete

The cylindrical wall boundary layer of a closed cylinder split in two halves at the equator is studied experimentally. When these two parts rotate in exact corotation the internal flow is essentially in solid-body rotation at the angular velocity of both halves. When a slight difference between the ...

[Phys. Rev. E 99, 023111] Published Tue Feb 19, 2019

### Dynamics of bubble-bubble interactions experiencing viscoelastic drag

Author(s): Ekaterina Zilonova, Maxim Solovchuk, and T. W. H. Sheu

The subject of the present theoretical study is the dynamics of bubble-bubble interactions in a viscoelastic medium. First, new equations for calculating the viscoelastic drag exerted on bubbles during their translational motion in a viscoelastic medium are derived. The drag equations are incorporat...

[Phys. Rev. E 99, 023109] Published Thu Feb 14, 2019

### Rotating polygonal depression soliton clusters on the inner surface of a liquid ring

Author(s): Hamid Ait Abderrahmane, Pooya Soltanian Sedeh, Hoi Dick Ng, and Georgios H. Vatistas

We report an experimental observation of rotating depression soliton sets on the inner surface of a viscous liquid ring, carrying background waves. These occur within a rotating shallow layer of oil inside a stationary cylindrical container. The solitons are organized either in single, two, or regul...

[Phys. Rev. E 99, 023110] Published Thu Feb 14, 2019

### Turbulence and jet-driven zonal flows: Secondary circulation in rotating fluids due to asymmetric forcing

Author(s): M. J. Burin, K. J. Caspary, E. M. Edlund, R. Ezeta, E. P. Gilson, H. Ji, M. McNulty, J. Squire, and G. R. Tynan

We report on experiments and modeling on a rotating confined liquid that is forced by circumferential jets coaxial with the rotation axis, wherein system-scale secondary flows are observed to emerge. The jets are evenly divided in number between inlets and outlets and have zero net mass transport. F...

[Phys. Rev. E 99, 023108] Published Tue Feb 12, 2019

### Minimum enstrophy principle for two-dimensional inviscid flows around obstacles

Author(s): F. Muller, A. Burbeau, B.-J. Gréa, and P. Sagaut

Large-scale coherent structures emerging in two-dimensional flows can be predicted from statistical physics inspired methods consisting in minimizing the global enstrophy while conserving the total energy and circulation in the Euler equations. In many situations, solid obstacles inside the domain m...

[Phys. Rev. E 99, 023105] Published Mon Feb 11, 2019